Tips for Caring for Your FELCO Pruning Shears

The lifetime of FELCO pruning shears and their performance also depend on the maintenance and care given.

For optimum performance:

  1. Clean the blade with a dry cloth after each day's pruning.
  2. Oil the spring and revolving handle shaft daily.
  3. Sharpen the blade when cutting needs more effort.
  4. Adjust cutting and anvil blade alignment when the cut is no longer clean.

 

More detailed maintenance tips include:

Oil your pruning shear

Some parts of the pruning shears should be oiled daily.

  1. Oil daily the spring and the space between the blade and anvil blade.
  2. Pour a few drops of oil into the handle after cleaning the shaft with a dry cloth.

Sharpen your pruning shear

Intensive use of the pruning shears causes the blade to wear. The blade must be sharp in order to be able to prune with a minimum of effort and obtain clean, accurate cuts.

  1. Hold the pruning shear flat in the left hand and sharpen the blade using the FELCO 900 or FELCO 901 stone (bevelling angle 23').
  2. Turn the pruning shear over to remove burring from the blade. To do this, set the ceramic stone to a sharpening angle of 5'.

Set your pruning shear for optimum performance

FELCO's premier pruning shears all come with a toothed center nut. This nut allows the optimum manual adjustment of the play between the blade and anvil blade, thus guaranteeing clean, accurate cuts. If this play is overly stressed, the branch can become stuck between the blade and anvil blade, and it will be impossible to cut it properly. On the other hand, if the play is insufficient, the user will have to use greater strength to cut. This leads to muscle problems and the risk that the shears could become stuck instead of opening.

  1. Remove the spring.
  2. Loosen the screw in the toothed sector holding the center nut.
  3. Tighten the notched nut using the adjusting key.
  4. Set the alignment between the cutting blade and the anvil blade by adjusting the tightness of the center nut. The blade should rub against the anvil blade along 2/3 of its length.
  5. Lock the center nut by inserting the toothed segment on top of it and lock with the segment screw.
  6. Refit the spring.

Change the cutting blade

When the blade no longer crosses the anvil blade perfectly throughout its length, it is recommended to change it.

  1. Remove the spring.
  2. Loosen the screw in the toothed sector holding the center nut.
  3. Unscrew the notched nut using the key contained within the packaging of each set of pruning shears.
  4. Remove the center nut from the bolt and separate the handles.
  5. Remove the blade from the blade holder, clean its housing and replace the new blade on the pins. Only change the pins if they are damaged.
  6. After oiling the contact surfaces, reassemble the shears by inserting the center bolt in the lower handle then set the upper handle in place and tighten the center nut manually.
  7. Tighten the notched nut using the adjusting key.
  8. Set the alignment between the cutting blade and the anvil blade by adjusting the tightness of the center nut. The blade should rub against the anvil blade along 2/3 of its length.
  9. Lock the center nut by inserting the toothed segment on top of it and lock with the segment screw.
  10. Refit the spring.

Change the anvil blade

If the cut is not clean even after the cutting blade has been changed several times and the play has been carefully, it is time to change the anvil blade.

  1. Remove the spring.
  2. Loosen the screw in the toothed sector holding the center nut.
  3. Unscrew the notched nut using the key contained within the packaging of each set of pruning shears.
  4. Remove the center nut from the bolt and separate the handles.
  5. Unscrew the two screws that hold the anvil blade in place and remove.
  6. Separate the anvil blade from the handle and clean its housing.
  7. After oiling the point of contact of the blade, fix the new anvil blade using the two previously removed screws.
  8. After oiling the contact surfaces, reassemble the shears by inserting the center bolt in the lower handle then set the upper handle in place and tighten the center nut manually.
  9. Tighten the notched nut using the adjusting key.
  10. Set the alignment between the cutting blade and the anvil blade by adjusting the tightness of the center nut. The blade should rub against the anvil blade along 2/3 of its length.
  11. Lock the center nut by inserting the toothed segment on top of it and lock with the segment screw.
  12. Refit the spring.

Maintain the revolving handle

During periods of intensive use, the shaft of the handle must be oiled daily in order to use the shears even longer.

  1. Remove the revolving handle by simply pulling it away from the rest of the tool.
  2. Pour a few drops of oil into the handle after cleaning the shaft using a dry cloth; then replace it by pushing it at the base.

Change the shock-absorber

Intensive work wears out the shears' shock-absorber, which should be changed when it is no longer flexible. The user will then continue to protect wrist and hand joints.

  1. Remove the spring.
  2. Loosen the screw in the toothed sector holding the center nut.
  3. Unscrew the notched nut using the key contained within the packaging of each set of pruning shears.
  4. Remove the center nut from the bolt and separate the handles.
  5. Tighten the blade handle in a vice with the shock absorber towards the top. Remove the defective shock absorber using a screwdriver. Warning: Do not try to remove the aluminum ring. FELCO recommends that you immerse your new shock absorber in hot water to facilitate putting it into place. Put the new shock-absorber in place, pinching it between two fingers then push it completely under the ring using a small screwdriver.
  6. After oiling the contact surfaces, reassemble the shears by inserting the center bolt in the lower handle then set the upper handle in place and tighten the center nut manually.
  7. Tighten the notched nut using the adjusting key.
  8. Set the alignment between the cutting blade and the anvil blade by adjusting the tightness of the center nut. The blade should rub against the anvil blade along 2/3of its length.
  9. Lock the center nut by inserting the toothed segment on top of it and lock with the segment screw.
  10. Refit the spring.

Change the cushion

Intensive work wears out the shears' cushion. The cushion should be changed when it is no longer flexible, allowing for the continued protection of the user's wrist and hand joints.

  1. Remove the spring.
  2. Loosen the screw in the toothed sector holding the center nut.
  3. Unscrew the notched nut using the key contained within the packaging of each set of pruning shears.
  4. Remove the center nut from the bolt and separate the handles.
  5. Make a small hole in the cushion rubber using a hammer and nail.
  6. Screw a hook bolt into this hole and pull to remove the cushion.
  7. Replace the cushion.
  8. After oiling the contact surfaces, reassemble the shears by inserting the center bolt in the lower handle then set the upper handle in place and tighten the center nut manually.
  9. Tighten the notched nut using the adjusting key.
  10. Set the alignment between the cutting blade and the anvil blade by adjusting the tightness of the center nut. The blade should rub against the anvil blade along 2/3 of its length.
  11. Lock the center nut by inserting the toothed segment on top of it and lock with the segment screw.
  12. Refit the spring.

Change the hardened steel center bolt and bush

This operation is necessary when the cutting head has a lot of lateral play and cutting becomes imprecise. This happens when the pruning shears are used for several seasons under strong mechanical stresses.

Saw maintenance

Saws do not require any maintenance. It is not recommended to sharpen them if you wish to retain the initial quality and strength of the blades.

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